Project

Images

Constitution Center

Washington, DC

Close Up

  • Owner/Developer

    David Nassif Associates

  • Architect

    SmithGroup

  • Engineer

    The SK&A Group

  • Façade Consultant

    Wiss, Janney, Elstner Associates

  • Construction Manager

    Kramer Consulting

  • GC

    Davis Construction

  • Completion

    2010

  • Building Type

    Commercial

  • LEED Rating

    Gold certified

  • Program

    10 stories (130ft), 2,000,000 sqft

  • Façade Area

    Design/build custom unitized curtainwall systems designed to resist blast loads, including:
    Street side: 193,000 sqft of curtainwall at Levels 2 – 10 (4 equal sides at roughly 600 ft x 110 ft)
    Courtyard: 97,000 sqft of curtainwall at Levels 2 – 10 (4 equal sides at roughly 240 ft x 110 ft)
    Storefront: 13,000 sqft at Level 1 (4 equal sides at roughly 600 ft x 18 ft)
    Storefront (second system): 9,000 sqft at Level 1 (3 equal sides at roughly 240 ft x 18 ft)

  • Glass

    Street side curtainwall unit modules: 20’8” x 5’ (twin span units) with 1 9/16” laminated IGU, HS with low-e and frit
    Courtyard curtainwall unit modules: 10’4” x 5’ with 1” IGU; FT with low-e
    Street side storefront unit modules: 12’ x 5’ with 2 3/32” laminated IGU; HS/AN/AN with low-e
    Courtyard storefront unit modules: 16’ x 5’ with 1 9/16” laminated IGU; HS with low-e

Materials

Systems

Processes

Awards

  • Best of 2010, Mid-Atlantic Construction, 2010
  • Gold Medal Winner, Building of America, 2010

Detail

This former home of the US Department of Transportation in downtown Washington, D.C. has been renovated and modernized, gutting the existing concrete shell originally completed in 1969. The new facility, Constitution Center, is the largest privately owned office building in the District of Columbia, with 1.4 million square feet of office space above ground and 690 thousand below. The building also includes the largest privately owned parking garage in the Capital. As part of the build program's green agenda, Constitution Center is the largest private office building renovation in the U.S. seeking LEED Gold certification, and is the most energy efficient office building in the District at the time of completion. The project features state-of-the-art security systems — including blast resistant facade designs — in addition to a 1-acre private courtyard.

When high level security and performance are part of the building program, Enclos' advanced exterior wall system technologies are invariably the choice. Curtainwall systems provide excellent solutions for facade renovation programs. Depending on the application, Enclos has system designs that can be applied over the existing facade, keeping demolition work and the associated disruption to a minimum. In this renovation the marble facades were removed and replaced by a custom designed glass curtainwall system with an engaging, contemporary appearance with curtainwall, storefront and metal panels designed to resist blast loads.

Enclos provided Constitution Center’s entire building envelop — including 312,000 sqft of curtainwall — with the exception of precast piers at corners and handset stone at the base of each wall. Painted aluminum and stainless steel clad doors were provided at both the main and employee entranceways, as well as other egress points, including the street side and courtyard entranceways.  Louvers were provided to exhaust and intake the three level underground parking garage, and expansion joints were provided at each elevation at the street side and courtyard. A sunshade feature was designed for the street side above level 8.

An early redesign of the level 2 blast beam called on Enclos engineers to provide a panel system that spanned from the street side storefront system to the Level 2 curtainwall system, providing a continuous air and water barrier. The engineering team met this challenge with a backpan system that was both extremely well received by the design team and implemented successfully during installation.

Schedule requirements mandated building turnover by quadrant. Enclos’ field personnel devised a custom installation strategy to successfully met these requirements by triple picking twin span curtainwall units at the street side via hydro crane, and double picking single span curtainwall units at the courtyard via monorail. By doing so, Enclos was able to meet Constitution Center’s strict elevation setting requirements on schedule.

The plan to triple pick the twin span street side curtainwall units posed some challenges for Enclos’ Canada shop in Scoudouc, New Brunswick with how to bunk the units in a manner that worked for the project’s installation requirements.  Test bunks were produced and bunking techniques were refined — as well as some handling and installation methods — to satisfy the needs of both the shop and field.  Ultimately, the process of triple picking twin span units resulted in extraordinarily high square footages of curtainwall being installed in a relatively short period of time.

In addition, Enclos provided a three story, 28-foot tall, five-module wide performance mockup that was successfully tested at ATI.